Ways of Selecting Epilepsy Treatment Drugs
Epilepsy is one of the chronic neurological disorder where the individual suffers from seizures. This neurological disorder is experienced by many people across the world. Epilepsy is mainly caused by stroke, meningitis, traumatic brain injury and AIDS. There is a chance that a person can inherit the neurological disorder from his parents if one them has the condition. Individuals who have epilepsy will have some items which can be identified as triggers if the disorder. Some of the triggers may include alcohol, caffeine, lack of sleep, stress and illness. Most people have different triggers and it could also be a combination of these triggers it other items. The type of seizures an individual has will determine the type of medication provided in managing the neurological disorder. There are mainly two type of seizures which include the generalized seizures and focal seizures. When focal seizures occur the individual will portray loss if five senses, dizziness and twitching of limbs while in generalized seizures the person will show loss of bladder and bowel movement or jerking of arms and legs.
The anti-epilepsy drugs are developed based on the seizures the person portrays. The side effects of the two types of medication drugs for epilepsy are different. The patient with epilepsy needs the broad spectrum drugs in treating more that one seizures that he or she has and the side effects of using the medication may include insomnia, fatigue and dizziness. The other anti- epilepsy drug is known as narrow spectrum and it is used to treat specific seizures with the side effects vary depending on how the drug has been administered. There is the oral tablet, IV injection and solution. These drugs are effective in managing the seizures a person has due to epilepsy. The triggers that a person has identified are mostly used to show the effectiveness of the drugs. There is a risk that will occur if the condition is not managed.
When the anti-epilepsy drugs have not worked the person still has some options. Brain surgery and vagus nerve stimulations are options available to patient of epilepsy when the drugs don’t work. There is a stimulator placed under the epileptic person skin which sends electrical activity to the brain that prevents the seizures. The brain surgery is the last resort since it’s invasive the part of the brain that causes seizures is normally removed. Ketogenic diet can also be incorporated since there are studies that show the beneficial value for those who don’t respond to anti-epilepsy drugs.
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